The Indian agriculture sector has been introduced to new technological advancements recently. Several technological innovations are becoming a hot topic worldwide. However, many people are in favor of these advancements for the betterment of production yield. But it isn’t much welcoming in a country like ours wherein people still believe in raising crops by their traditional practices. This isn’t a case of right or wrong; it is merely a contradiction of beliefs.
In the developed western countries, the mechanization of farming techniques has significantly increased large scale productions. This increased production has led to a massive turnover in agribusiness opportunities.
The conflict between contradicting beliefs and politics in the Indian agriculture
The politicization of agriculture has led to very little appreciable progress after the Green revolution in India. Nevertheless, agriculture remains the top employment source for 2/3rd of the Indian population and a huge contributor to the GDP. Therefore, an agriculture system that is free from any political influence and versatile enough to adopt the new farming techniques is the need of the hour.
The average yield of many important crops such as rice is at least part of the global average. Food losses, especially before harvest, remain at 40% above half of its cultivated area and are limited by the growth of the remaining cover, competition for non-agricultural use increases the reduction of arable land.
Small and fragmented land management and early labour-intensive agriculture associated with low turnover and unavailability of sensitive information and information are conventional. Financial inclusion exclusively for poor farmers with resources is still difficult.
Then, why is there such a noticeable disparity between India and the western countries’ agriculture system? Well, there are a lot of factors for that. To name a few, these are an easy adaptation of new farming technologies, land consolidation, coping up with the growing demand, a solid plan towards the fluctuations in the market, policies to ensure minimum food wastage, a political free agriculture scenario, etc.
The Indian farmers face a lot of issues when it comes to selling their products to the market. From the availability of water to applying quality inputs in farming, they have little knowledge of AgriTech machinery. The farmers are reluctant to adopt new technologies for improving their yields. Thus, we need more and more entrepreneurs and AgriTech startups in the country to elevate the farmers!