Being among one of the most important vegetable groups; cole crops are grown on a wide scale throughout the world. This includes various sub- tropical and tropical areas, temperate regions etc. Nowadays they are also preferred to be grown in kitchen gardens.

What Are Cole Crops?

Cole is derived from a Latin word which means stem. Cole crops is a term that is used to give a description of variety of cruciferous vegetables in the “brassica” or mustard family.
They mainly include vegetables like Brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale and kohlrabi. Cole crops are known as the “ Crown Jewel Of Nutrition”.

Importance Of Cole Crops

1.It is known to have anti- cancerous properties.
2.It contains antioxidants like ascorbic acid, tocopherol, carotenoids etc.
3.It is a rich source of vitamins A and C.
4.It contains important minerals like phosphorus, potash, calcium, sodium and iron.
5. Broccoli and kale are rich in pro vitamin- A.
6. It has high fiber content.
7.It has low fat content and calories.

Growing Period

The regular crop is grown mainly during pre- rabi season at lower altitude. The off season crop is grown at higher altitude.
The Cole crops can be specifically planted 2 to 3 weeks before last frost. For fall planting of the crops, seeds are directly sown 100 days before the frost.

Sites And Soil Qualities Needed

Cole crops can be grown in widespread varieties of soils and sites. Sandy loam type of soils are generally preferred for early crops; later crops give high yields on silt; silty loam soils etc. It may vary depending on the region and place it is grown.
Cole crops grow nicely in soils having ph range in between 6.0 to 6.8. Accordingly it should be planted and in case of low ph in soil, lime should be applied.

Points to keep in mind

Cole crops can and may be prone to a variety of fungal diseases such as mildew. For protection from such diseases the best option is to choose healthy soil for the plants. Any leaves exhibiting signs of diseases should be immediately trimmed off. Moreover organic sulfur powder can and maybe used to treat mild cases of fungal diseases. Diatomaceous earth is also useful to eradicate many diseases in Cole crops.


Cole crops can be a great choice for kitchen gardens; although various Cole crops have different nutritional and other needs; they are slightly similar enough for a basic overview. Also, planting and growing Cole crops is among the best ways to enjoy garden freshly grown vegetables in the colder seasons of the year.

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